The Project for the New American Century, or PNAC, was a public think tank formed in 1997.
The Project for the New American Century, also known as PNAC, was co-founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan. It was a group that was formed to try and "re-arm" America. In 1998, the group wrote a letter to the president of America, the senator of Mississippi, and the speaker for the House of Representatives, demanding a harder line of defense against Iraq. The group started growing after this. The attack on September 11, 2001, and the election of George W. Bush, were what brought the PNAC into the mainstream of the U.S government. Although the group has a lot of their attention faced toward Iraq, that attention was buried under their need for a strong national defense.
In September of 2000, the group released the document "Rebuilding America's Defenses." A section in Part V, "Creating Tomorrow's Dominant Force," the group argued:
Further, the process of transformation [of the military], even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event––like a new Pearl Harbor.