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The New Silk Road/一带一路 initiative draws upon a multiplicity of sources for both spiritual inspiration and technical planning.

The "Old" Silk Road Edit

The "Old" Silk Road or simply the Silk Road comprised a series of trade routes starting in China and terminating at various points in the Mediterranean, India, and eventually....

Pre-Han Edit

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Han Dynasty/汉朝 Edit

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Tang Dynasty/唐朝 Edit

The Silk Road reached its zenith with the Tang Dynasty. Under emperor Hou Junji the silk road remained open for four decades. The road closed for two decades when Tibetans took shut down parts of the road but it was reopened after a reconquest of the Gilgit valley. Travelers wrote about strict border control in this period as well as various government checkpoints allowing people to pass if only travelers payed a fee. Culturally the horse became a symbol of power in China because of their importance in the Silk Road. With the land route the Tang Dynasty also opened a sea route with India. To control the road the Tang Dynasty focused on dominating central Asia with Turkish allies. During this period the Tang Dynasty welcomed foreign cultures and greatly increased Persian and Sogdian power as commerce moved through their respective territories.

Decline Edit

With repeated barbarian incursions, the massive disruption of the Mongol conquest, a shift from land to sea trade, and the re-emergence of a domestic consumer luxury good industry in Europe...

Religious and Intellectual Exchange on the Silk Road Edit

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Imperial Chinese Foreign Policy and "Barbarian Management" Edit

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Roman Infrastructure Edit

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...aqueducts allowed for a greater population density by providing a reliable, continuously available source of water

The celebrated sociologist and political philosopher Max Weber made the provocative and heterodox but since seldom remarked-upon observation that Rome's roadways were typically regarded not as a boon by the common people, but as a disadvantage, for while they facilitated trade, they were effectively military installations, in that they permitted legionnaires to march directly and swiftly from settlement to settlement and enforce the political supremacy of the Roman state. While the Roman roads are famous for their advanced engineering and incredible durability (with many still in use to this day), it is worth noting that with the decline of Rome's political credibility and the precipitous increase of both taxation and brigandry during the late period of the Western Roman Empire, Roman subject increasingly shunned the use of...and turned again to maritime travel...

Emergence of the Global Financial Order Edit

...several intellectual and economic shifts occurring in Europe during the late Middle Ages...rediscovery of Justinian's Corpus Juris Civilis by...in Ravenna..

...fall of Constantinople and the shift of trade from the Byzantine East to Venice and the Italian peninsula....

...Venice...of double-entry bookkeeping...

...English thinker...argument for the permissibility of usury in certain situations...

...establishment of colonies...further integration of disparate regions...

...House Rothschild and the other great European banking houses...Suez Canal...

...along with the ...gold as a reserve commodity...led to the near-universal acceptance of a laissez faire economic orthodoxy governing international trade as well as domestic policy making by the European powers, unofficially dominated by an Anglo..naval...on the one hand, and a cosmopolitan, international...on the other...lasting throughout the 19th century up until the fallout of the First World War and subsequent crisis of capitalism...

...often overlooked that the recognition of gold as a means of...ensured the continued...of banks...a sort of economic fulcrum between currency exchange and the price of goods...

...precedent...model of political domination via trade and the action of government-sanctioned corporate bodies acting independently yet...goals of hegemony...British East Indies Company...

...often forgotten that ...territory gains of the British Empire did not originally come about as a result of direct aggression by the...but rather indirectly: ...incursions by corporate...and then subsequently annexed only after Parliament... In this fashion, ...British...able to...

The Autobahn and the American Interstate Freeway System Edit

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Modern Chinese Appraisals of Ming (明朝) and Qing (清朝) Isolationist Policies Edit

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New Silk Road as a Soft Power Initiative Edit

...co-opt the "brand" of the original Silk Road, with its romance and lengthy history...

...increased prestige of Chinese know-how and leadership...

Hard Power Applications of the New Silk Road Edit

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South China Sea and the Maritime Silk Road Edit

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Circumvention of Traditional Naval Bottlenecks Edit

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Straits of Malacca Edit

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Horn of Africa Edit

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Panama Canal Edit

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Strait of Gibraltar Edit

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Dardanelles Edit

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Carrot and Stick Approach Edit

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Military Cooperation and Technical Interchange between China, Russia and Iran Edit

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Implications Edit

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...an emerging ... that American hegemony has not been so much a positive development built upon the foundations of European colonialism and...but rather a period of decline of Western domination; a provisional, improvisational ...by declining Great Powers to maintain the preeminence of...and achieve...a period of decadence (in the original sense of the word).

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Seen in this context, the (re)emergence of an ethnic Chinese...represents a new chapter...

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