Overview EditChinese high speed trains are extremely fast. They are able to travel up to 200 to 245 KM/H or 124 to 155 MPH.
China has built the world's largest chain of high speed rails that they use to quickly transport their citizens and visitors. China not only uses their rails to transport goods and people, but they mainly use them to connect economies and major centers of business. As they start to offer their rail services to other countries, the more economies they will connect. This will greatly help every economy connected by these rails.
The high speed rail system also provides a great benefit to the citizens in China. For example, they can get easy access to lower cost living areas outside major cities, such as Shanghai or Beijing.
China plans to connect all of their province capitals with high speed rail, as well as upgrading existing rail lines. The amount of people riding high speed rail is a world record of 1.5 billion riders a year.
High speed trains were originally developed in Germany in 1899 with 45 miles of electric railroads. Recently, 20 years ago, the high speed train was introduced to China. Now China has about 12,000 miles of railroads as of 2016. China has become one of the most progressive in the technology for high speed trains. In the year of 2003, thirteen years after China's first high speed train had developed with the top speed of 124 mph. The next year, the Shanghai Maglev train was developed in China with German engineering help with the top speed 246 mph.
With this new innovation in China, this will start a "domino" effect with other countries as well. With the much more efficient train system, more countries will look to them for new rail systems. This may in fact cause a new shift in transportation as well. This will get people places faster and will not cost as much to ride either, causing more and more people to ride them.
In 1993 China's trains average the speed of 30 mph and quickly and steadily lost money to other transports like airplanes and ferries. After five rounds of speed up campaigns in 1997,1998, 2000,2001, and 2004 china was able to upgrade its mass of railroad tracks and was able to get a train that is able to reach speeds of 100 mph.
Environmental Impact Edit
Although high speed train provides many benefits, they in fact also harm the environment. High speed train energy use and greenhouse gas emissions harm the environment. High speed train can directly effect the environment by operation of the vehicle, however the use of the vehicle does not cause most of the emissions. Most emissions are caused by indirect sources such as the building of infrastructure, producing the fuel, manufacturing of the vehicles, maintaining the system and disposing of materials. Such indirect factors never reflect the true cost to the environment to run a machine as such. High speed train can also help the environment if used correctly. The highest environmental impact occurs when there is low ridership. If the ridership is always high and constant the high speed train may decrease greenhouse emissions, however only over a long period of time. To truly reduce greenhouse emissions from high speed train it takes a combination of high ridership, green energy, and minimizing the use of polluting material.
Work cited Edit
Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. "Life-Cycle Environmental Assessment of California High Speed Rail." ACCESS Magazine. N.p., Fall 2010. Web. 24 May 2017. <http://www.accessmagazine.org/fall- 2010/life-cycle-environmental-assessment-california-high-speed-rail/>.